Document Library

Impuesto Sobre Bienes Inmuebles
Acquisition Tax (receipt)
Calculated at the rate of 2% of the
value declared for the property.
Purchasers of real estate and purchasers of trust rights must pay this tax.
Apostille (U.S. document)
This document is issued by the Department of State in the state where the signatures were notarized.
It certifies the validity of the document being notarized. (U.S. only, not Canada).
The appraisal is made to determine value of the property, including the land and the improvements.
Impuesto Sobre la Renta
Capital Gains Tax
The are two ways this tax is calculated. The seller is obligated to pay the LOWER of the two:
1. 20% of the total selling amount (no deductions).
2. 40% of the difference between selling price and value at seller's acquisition (authorized deductions apply).
Proceeds from the sale of real estate in Mexico are considered to be Mexican source of income.
Certificado de Libertad de Gravamen
Certificate of No-Liens (No Encumbrance)
This document is issued by the Public Registry, it certifies the current status of the property.
Careful! This is not a replacement for a Title Search.
Certificado de No-Predial
Certificate of Property Tax Payment (Receipt)
This document serves as proof that property taxes have been paid.
Escritura Publica
Public Instrument (Deed)
This document can only be issued by a Mexican Public Notary. It attest, in this case, to the transfer of property.
This document is perfected upon recording at the Property Tax Office and the Public Registry of Property Office.
Sello de Catastro
Seal of the Property Tax Office
The Property Tax Office will place a seal on the Escritura to reflect the inscription of the document.
Sello de Registro
Seal of Registry
Placed by the Public Registry showing recording data. 
Carta de Instrucción
Letter of Instruction
When buying from a foreigner (non-Mexican citizen), a Letter of Instructions must be issued and signed by the Seller.
If issued in Mexican territory, it must be signed before a Public Notary.
If issued in the United States, it must be accompanied by an apostille.
If issued in Canada, it must be ratified by the Mexican Consulate.
Permiso de la Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores
Permit from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mexico.
In order to establish a Mexican Bank Trust (Fideicomiso), a permit must be issued by this Ministry.
Power of Attorney
This document will give the person you designate, the power to legally represent you in a specific transaction.
Aviso Preventivo
Preventive Notification
This document can only be issued by a Public Notary. It serves as notification that a transaction is under way.
It shelters the title of the property for a period of 60 days.
Promesa de Fideicomiso
Promise of Fideicomiso
This document is usually entered as the agreement to buy. Do not confuse it with the actual title to the property.
This is a temporary agreement. A registered title (Fideicomiso) must be obtained as soon as possible.
Title Commitment
This document is issued by the Title Insurance Company. It establishes the conditions under which a policy of title insurance will be issued.
Reporte Preliminar de Titulo
Preliminary Title Report
Present the condition of the title after a title search was perfomed.


This article was written by Linda Jones Neil, Founder of the Settlement Company. It is the first escrow company in Mexico, and is dedicated to processing the trusts and title transfers of Mexican Real Estate for foreign buyers and sellers for properties located ANYWHERE in Mexico. The company frequently sponsors seminars on the various aspects of real estate ownership in Mexico and holds membership in AMPI, NAR and FIABCI and PROFECO Certificate 00063/96.

Chuck and Jenna Urrea
RE/MAX Legacy Rocky Point

Chuck's Cell: 480-459-0855

Jenna's Cell:  602-686-4133

Office US:  602-334-4359

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